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Artificial Intelligence: Threats and Challenges It Faces

artificial intelligence (AI) has accumulated victories and failures since Alan Turing in 1950 raised it for the first time. However, the triumphs have brought it to the place it occupies today in technology and in modern day-to-day life.

Although many people still wonder if it is just science fiction, the overwhelming answer is: no. Advances in AI are so great that it is even possible to connect your brain with electronic devices, without having to touch them.

In this article, we will answer some of the biggest questions that arise around this amazing technology.

How do we define artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is a cohesion of concepts and technologies. Therefore, together, they are capable of performing any type of task by means of software and a machine.

It is a union through which science and engineering developed machines capable of demonstrating intelligence, especially through:

  • Visual perception.
  • Speech recognition.
  • Decision making .
  • Translation between languages.

As well as many more capabilities. Likewise, through the use of computer software, the following capabilities are added:

  • Learning
  • Reasoning
  • Planning
  • Auto correction
  • Problem resolution
  • Knowledge representation
  • Perception
  • Movement
  • Handling
  • Creativity

Like others that are in development. Furthermore, it is an integration inspired by the way human beings use their nervous system and body . More specifically to feel, learn, reason and even act.

“AI is the cohesion of concepts and technologies capable of performing any type of task as a human being would.”

Artificial intelligence: main challenges it faces

Main challenges of AI

Artificial intelligence has had a significant impact on human lives and the economy. However, it still has many challenges and challenges to face due to some of its disadvantages, despite having immense potential and capabilities.

Let’s look at some of the main challenges and challenges related to this emerging technology:

Build trust

Despite its close relationship with science, engineering, technology and algorithms many people distrust AI . This is due to the difficulty in understanding how deep learning models can predict results.

Es decir, como un software con un conjunto de datos puede idear soluciones específicas para diferentes tipos de problemas.

Despite this, the reality is that it is already integrated into everyday items such as smartphones, smart TVs, cars, banking and more.

Human-level interface

It is one of the greatest challenges of artificial intelligence. First, the further the development of this technology progresses, the more difficult it is to find trained personnel. That you can meet the demands of working with AI.

Second, although the accuracy of AI is over 90%, humans have shown that they can do better . On the other hand, this result has been measured in all test scenarios.

An example of this is the ability to differentiate if an image is of a dog or a cat. The result is that humans can correctly differentiate with an accuracy greater than 99%.

Data security and privacy

There is a possibility that confidential and personal data may be used for bad purposes.

In response, development companies and governments are leveraging the machine learning and decision-making power of AI.

They do this to overcome this challenge by training the data so that it never drifts. Also, so that they can only go back to the source of origin.

The algorithm bias problem

The accuracy of artificial intelligence results is based exclusively on:

  • Your training.
  • The use of impartial and authentic data.

On the other hand, the unethical and unfair use of the results is closely linked to prejudices:

  • Racial
  • Of genre
  • Religious or
  • Ethnic.

This can only be lessened by training artificial intelligence with correct data.

Limited knowledge

Artificial intelligence has its own limitations, as it can only replace certain tasks . In addition, not everyone understands its operation and the mysteries involved in the development and excessive use of its capabilities.

“Increasing the trust of the general public is one of the main challenges of artificial intelligence given the multiple applications and uses that can be developed with it.”

Artificial intelligence: main fields of application

Fields of application of AI

Artificial intelligence has become a very useful tool for solving many problems . His wide range of skills facilitates the execution of tasks in many areas to improve the lives of human beings.

In this sense, some of the priority fields of application are the following:

  • In our homes. Equipped with virtual assistants capable of recognizing voice and obeying orders to bring comfort and efficiency to people’s daily lives.
  • Expert systems. Capable of giving answers to very complex and specific problems. They function as a kind of expert consultant to help users using very specific knowledge.
  • In medicine. Includes the interpretation of images, diagnosis, monitoring and control in intensive care units, design of prostheses and drugs. In addition, design of intelligent tutor systems for various aspects of medicine.
  • In commerce. Especially for electronic commerce in order to provide, search, analyze or interpret information. With this data it is easier to make decisions, negotiate with agents and identify consumer habits and preferences. clients .
  • In education. These are smart tutoring and management systems for students. They include knowledge diagnosis, as well as exercises and practices to reinforce learning.

It is difficult to make a complete list of all the fields of action of AI, since there are many useful forms of application. Those mentioned here are just a few, but highly relevant to everyday life and the economy .

“There are many fields of application of AI: in general, they are focused on facilitating the most complex tasks of everyday life, medicine, education and the economy.”

Ideas Summary

Although artificial intelligence still has many challenges, challenges and threats ahead, it also has many experts determined to overcome them.

In this sense, the new generation of engineers is improving their skills to achieve effective change.

Every day, AI assumes important roles in our society with remarkable progress in various areas. These include medicine, security, education, business and consumer benefit applications.

These areas are of utmost importance in today’s world. It is due to the great influence of technology on the lifestyle of modern society.

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